Infant Warmer with Digital Scales for Auto Adjustment PID Control Parameters

  • Anita Miftahul Maghfiroh Department of Medical Electronics Technology, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Farid Amrinsani Department of Medical Electronics Technology, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Singgih Yudha Setiawan Department of Medical Electronics Technology, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya
  • Rafi Maulana Firmansyah Department of Medical Electronics Technology, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Shubhrojit Misra Departments of ECE and CSE, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, India
Keywords: Infant Warmer. LM35. DS18B20. PID Controll. 7 Segment

Abstract

Babies need temperatures that match the temperature of the mother's womb, which is between 35°C – 37°C. The latest research on infant warmer device used fuzzy method as a system for controlling temperature in infant warmers. The problem raised in the previous research is that the temperature was not evenly distributed throughout the bed at each predetermined temperature setting. When it reached the setting temperature, the warmer continued to turn on so that the bed got hotter. Therefore, the purpose of the current research is to make an infant warmer device equipped with digital scales with a temperature setting of 350C- 370C using PID control to stabilize the temperature and ensure that the heat is evenly distributed on the bed. In addition, skin temperature is also added, allowing the nurses know at which level of patient's body temperature is when observations should be made. The infant warmer in this module used an arduino microcontroller which is displayed in 7 segments, the skin sensor used is the DS18B20 temperature sensor to read the skin temperature, while the infant warmer temperature sensor used is LM35 as a PID control system. The results of the current research in making the device module were compared with the measurement results of the comparator. It was revealed that current research has obtained smallest error of 0% in temperature setting of 350C. For the comparison with the incu analyzer, the smallest error was obtained at the temperature setting of 370C with an error value of 0% on the T5 measurement. Meanwhile, the difference in skin temperature against the thermometer is 0.10C. The results showed that the temperature distributed on the module had different error values. Hence, this research can be implemented on the PID control of infant warmer system to improve the performance of infant temperature stability.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

E. M. Mccall, F. Alderdice, H. L. Halliday, S. Vohra, and L. Johnston, “Interventions to prevent hypothermia at birth in preterm and/or low birth weight infants,” Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., vol. 2018, no. 2, 2018, doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004210.pub5.

World Health Organization, “Who compendium of innovative health technologies for low-resource settings 2011-2014.,” p. 143, 2016.

J. Uwamariya et al., “Safety and effectiveness of a non-electric infant warmer for hypothermia in Rwanda: A cluster-randomized stepped-wedge trial,” EClinicalMedicine, vol. 34, p. 100842, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100842.

I. K. O. Azizah, “Kematian Neonatal di Kabupaten Grobogan,” Higeia J. Public Heal. Res. Dev., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 84–94, 2017.

A. Erisnawati, “The Effectiveness of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding ( IMD ) in Reducing the Incidence of Hypothermia in Newborn at Ngimbang Lamongan Hospital in 2021,” vol. 14, pp. 46–52, 2022.

R. Fadilla et al., “A Multifunction Infant Incubator Monitoring System with Phototherapy and ESP-32 Based Mechanical Swing,” Int. J. Sci. Technol. Manag., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 371–381, 2020, doi: 10.46729/ijstm.v1i4.93.

N. F. Hidayati, Endro Yulianto, and Abd. Kholiq, “Baby Incubator Based on PID Control With Kangaroo Mode (Kangaroo Mode and Humidity),” J. Electron. Electromed. Eng. Med. Informatics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 13–17, 2019, doi: 10.35882/jeeemi.v1i2.3.

H. B. D. L. Mathew, Ashish Gupta, “Controlling of Temperature and Humidity for an Infant Incubator Using Microcontroller,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Electr. Electron. Instrum. Eng., vol. 04, no. 06, pp. 4975–4982, 2015, doi: 10.15662/ijareeie.2015.0406012.

A. K. Theopaga, A. Rizal, and E. Susanto, “Design and implementation of PID control based baby incubator,” J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 2014.

J. Prinyakupt and K. Roongprasert, “Verification Device for Temperature and Relative Humidity Inside the Infant Incubator via IoT,” BMEiCON 2019 - 12th Biomed. Eng. Int. Conf., pp. 1–6, 2019, doi: 10.1109/BMEiCON47515.2019.8990351.

W. Widhiada, I. N. G. Antara, I. N. Budiarsa, and I. M. G. Karohika, “The Robust PID Control System of Temperature Stability and Humidity on Infant Incubator Based on Arduino at Mega 2560,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 248, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/248/1/012046.

M. H. Iqbal and W. S. Aji, “Wall Following Control System with PID Control and Ultrasonic Sensor for KRAI 2018 Robot,” Int. J. Robot. Control Syst., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2021, doi: 10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.206.

Z. S. A. Rahman and F. S. A. Hussain, “Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller,” Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 2501–2509, 2017, doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21917.77282.

M. S. A. Nampira, A. Kholiq, and Lamidi, “A Modification of Infant Warmer with Monitoring of Oxygen Saturation, Heart Rate and Skin Temperature,” J. Electron. Electromed. Eng. Med. Informatics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 19–25, 2021, doi: 10.35882/jeeemi.v3i1.4.

A. H. Muosa, “Wireless Controland Monitoring Systemfor Premature Infant IncubatorEnvironment,” J. Coll. Educ. pure Sci., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 28–39, 2017.

W. Widhiada, T. G. T. Nindhia, I. N. Gantara, I. N. Budarsa, and I. N. Suarndwipa, “Temperature stability and humidity on infant incubator based on fuzzy logic control,” ACM Int. Conf. Proceeding Ser., no. April, pp. 155–159, 2019, doi: 10.1145/3330482.3330527.

H. Suwoyo, C. Deng, Y. Tian, and A. Adriansyah, “Improving a wall-following robot performance with a PID-genetic algorithm controller,” Int. Conf. Electr. Eng. Comput. Sci. Informatics, vol. 2018-Octob, pp. 314–318, 2018, doi: 10.1109/EECSI.2018.8752907.

A. Nayak and M. Singh, “Study of Tuning of PID Controller By Using Particle Swarm Optimization,” Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Stud., vol. IV, no. Jan.-March, pp. 346–350, 2015.

E. Ambitiously, “PID Theory Explained - NI,” pp. 1–7, 2020, [Online]. Available: http://www.idc-online.com/technical_references/pdfs/electrical_engineering/Introduction_to_Second_Order_Systems.pdf%0Ahttp://engineering.electrical-equipment.org/panel-building/introduction-to-second-order-systems.html.

L. M. Silalahi, G. Osman, F. A. Silaban, I. U. V. Simanjuntak, and A. D. Rochendi, “Design An Infant Warmer With Android-Based Temperature Monitoring,” J. Informatics Commun. Technol., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 67–73, 2021, doi: 10.52661/j_ict.v3i2.86.

J. Bethanney Janney, S. KrishnaKumar, P. B. AnuShree, V. Rayshma, and S. Suresh, “Deisgn of mobile infant incubator with comforting pillow,” Int. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 6–9, 2018, doi: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.25.12353.

E. W. Sinuraya and R. J. Pamungkas, “Design of Temperature Control System for Infant Incubator using Auto Tuning Fuzzy-PI Controller,” Int. J. Eng. Inf. Syst., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 33–41, 2019.

M. Y. Çelik and Z. Ciğdem, “Kırılgan bebek algısı ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması,” J. Psychiatr. Nurs., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 188–194, 2020, doi: 10.14744/phd.2020.92678.

S. Thorstensson, E. Hertfelt Wahn, A. Ekström, and A. Langius-Eklöf, “Evaluation of the Mother-to-Infant relation and feeling scale: Interviews with first-time mothers’ for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth,” Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 8–15, 2012, doi: 10.5897/IJNM11.041.

S. Matthey, R. Črnčec, A. Hales, and A. Guedeney, “A description of the modified alarm distress baby scale (m-ADBB): An instrument to assess for infant social withdrawal,” Infant Ment. Health J., vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 602–609, 2013, doi: 10.1002/imhj.21407.

Published
2022-06-28
How to Cite
[1]
A. Maghfiroh, F. Amrinsani, S. Setiawan, R. M. Firmansyah, and S. Misra, “Infant Warmer with Digital Scales for Auto Adjustment PID Control Parameters”, Jurnal Teknokes, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 117-123, Jun. 2022.
Section
Biomedical Engineering

Most read articles by the same author(s)