Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasonography Using U Classification of Thyroid Nodules in Detection of Malignant Thyroid

Keywords: Pakistan, Diagnostic accuracy, Histopathology, Ultrasound, Thyroid cancer


Ultrasonography (US) helps diagnose malignant thyroid nodules based on various characteristics, including echogenicity, margins, microcalcifications, size, form, and aberrant neck lymph nodes. The study aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for cancer diagnosis in thyroid nodules, using Histopathology as the gold standard. To minimize morbidity and death from the condition and the number of solely invasive procedures biopsies, the results of our research will give patients and physicians with a noninvasive, cost-effective, and conveniently accessible diagnostic technique for differentiating cancerous from benign nodules. A cross-sectional analytical study was designed to collect data prospectively from July 2022 to October 2022 in the Department of Radiology at Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute Islamabad. Patients in the age range of 18-60 years, both genders were enrolled. Th data was entered into SPSS 24. The frequencies and percentages of categorical factors such as sex and malignancy in thyroid nodules were determined using descriptive analysis. For numerical variables such as age, the mean and standard deviation were computed. We evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV with a 95% confidence interval for the U-classification of malignant thyroid nodules and represented as         Two by Two tables. In addition, Histopathology was used to evaluate U's efficacy as a diagnostic tool for finding malignant thyroid nodules. The study sample comprised 34 (68%) female and 16 (32%) male patients. On Biopsy, cancerous nodules were diagnosed in only 19 (38.5%) patients, and the remaining 31 (62%) had benign lesions. The prevalence of thyroid malignancy in our sample was 38%. On ultrasonography, malignancy was diagnosed in 15(30%) lesions, while the remaining 35(70%) patients were diagnosed with benign lesions. Histopathology confirmed malignant thyroid nodules in 15 (true positive) cases, whereas 6 (false positive) had no malignant lesion on Histopathology. In US negative patients, 27 were true negative, while 2 were false negative. The sensitivity of ultrasound U-score in diagnosing malignant thyroid nodules was 88.2%, specificity was 81.8%, PPV was 71.4%, and NPV was 93% Diagnostic accuracy is high when the US is used to detect thyroid problems, making it the preferred noninvasive technique. We recommend that thyroid lesions be routinely assessed clinically, imaged radiographically, and analyzed histo-pathologically. U Classification system for identifying potentially cancerous thyroid nodules is a valuable tool. It allows for a more prudent choice of nodules to undergo FNAC, reducing the number of needless procedures.


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Author Biography

Syeda Qurat Ul Ain, Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute, Pakistan

Consultant radiologist at Combine military Hospital

Public health professional 



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How to Cite
S. Qurat Ul Ain and S. Bibi, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasonography Using U Classification of Thyroid Nodules in Detection of Malignant Thyroid”, Jurnal Teknokes, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1-6, Jan. 2023.
Biomedical Engineering