Jurnal Teknokes 2023-01-20T14:07:35+00:00 Dr. Triwiyanto Open Journal Systems <div style="text-align: justify;">The TEKNOKES is a peer-reviewed periodical scientific journal aimed at publishing research results of the Journal focus areas. <div style="text-align: justify;">The Journal is published by the Department of Electromedical Engineering, Health Polytechnic of Surabaya, Ministry of Health Indonesia. The role of the Journal is to facilitate contacts between research centers and the industry. The aspiration of the Editors is to publish high-quality scientific professional papers presenting works of significant scientific teams, experienced and well-established authors as well as postgraduate students and beginning researchers. All articles are subject to anonymous review processes by at least two independent expert reviewers prior to publishing on the Indonesian Journal of Electronics, Electromedical Engineering, and Medical Informatics website.</div> </div> Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasonography Using U Classification of Thyroid Nodules in Detection of Malignant Thyroid 2023-01-20T14:07:35+00:00 Syeda Qurat Ul Ain Sadia Bibi <p>Ultrasonography (US) helps diagnose malignant thyroid nodules based on various characteristics, including echogenicity, margins, microcalcifications, size, form, and aberrant neck lymph nodes. The study aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for cancer diagnosis in thyroid nodules, using Histopathology as the gold standard. To minimize morbidity and death from the condition and the number of solely invasive procedures biopsies, the results of our research will give patients and physicians with a noninvasive, cost-effective, and conveniently accessible diagnostic technique for differentiating cancerous from benign nodules. A cross-sectional analytical study was designed to collect data prospectively from July 2022 to October 2022 in the Department of Radiology at Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute Islamabad. Patients in the age range of 18-60 years, both genders were enrolled. Th data was entered into SPSS 24. The frequencies and percentages of categorical factors such as sex and malignancy in thyroid nodules were determined using descriptive analysis. For numerical variables such as age, the mean and standard deviation were computed. We evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV with a 95% confidence interval for the U-classification of malignant thyroid nodules and represented as &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Two by Two tables. In addition, Histopathology was used to evaluate U's efficacy as a diagnostic tool for finding malignant thyroid nodules. The study sample comprised 34 (68%) female and 16 (32%) male patients. On Biopsy, cancerous nodules were diagnosed in only 19 (38.5%) patients, and the remaining 31 (62%) had benign lesions. The prevalence of thyroid malignancy in our sample was 38%. On ultrasonography, malignancy was diagnosed in 15(30%) lesions, while the remaining 35(70%) patients were diagnosed with benign lesions. Histopathology confirmed malignant thyroid nodules in 15 (true positive) cases, whereas 6 (false positive) had no malignant lesion on Histopathology. In US negative patients, 27 were true negative, while 2 were false negative. The sensitivity of ultrasound U-score in diagnosing malignant thyroid nodules was 88.2%, specificity was 81.8%, PPV was 71.4%, and NPV was 93% Diagnostic accuracy is high when the US is used to detect thyroid problems, making it the preferred noninvasive technique. We recommend that thyroid lesions be routinely assessed clinically, imaged radiographically, and analyzed histo-pathologically. U Classification system for identifying potentially cancerous thyroid nodules is a valuable tool. It allows for a more prudent choice of nodules to undergo FNAC, reducing the number of needless procedures.</p> 2023-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##